Fremont (English) Fremont) is a city in Alameda County, California, the United States of America. It is located on the southeast bank of the San Francisco Bay. The population is about 220,000, the fourth largest in the San Francisco Bay Area and the largest city in the suburbs. On January 23, 1956, five small municipalities, Center Building, Niles, Arbinton, Mission San Jose and Worm Springs merged to form the city. John C. Fremont, an explorer or a military man, is the origin of the city name.
View of Mission Peak from Fremont Central Park
the position of Fremont in Alameda County, California
the position of Fremont in Alameda County, California
|corporatization||January 23, 1956|
|- Mayor||Bill Harrison|
|· City Manager||Fred Diaz|
|· Total||87.6mi2 (226.9 km2)|
|· Land||77.5mi2 (200.6 km2)|
|- Water surface||10.2mi2 (26.3 km2) 11.6%|
|· Density||2,500/mi2 (1,000/km2)|
|equal time||UTC-8 (Pacific Time)|
|· Daylight saving time||UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)|
|ZIP code|| |
94536-94539, 94539, 945555
|GNIS feature ID||277521, 2410545|
Most of the city is located in the East Bay area, southeast of the San Francisco Bay Area. The East Bay area is closest to the Silicon Valley and often associated with some of it.
Three cities, Fremont, Newark (surrounded by Fremont) and Union City, are known as Tri-City.
Fremont has the largest Afghan American population in the United States.
Around 2011, Oakland Athletics was scheduled to move to the Cisco Field, which was to be constructed along with the plan, but the plan was canceled.
The history of the Fremont region began on June 6, 1795 when Spanish Father Fermin Rasen established the Mission San Jose Mission. The mission was built in the village of the Oroni, Oroysom. The first English-speaker to visit Fremont was the famous Jeddie Smith, a famous trap hunter and explorer, in 1827. The missionary works prospered and the population reached 1,887 in 1831. In 1834, after the Mexican government established the Act for Separation of Religion, the missionary office declined.
The father of Mariano Vallejo, Jose de Jesús Vallejo, was granted land patents for Rancho Arroyo de la Alameda by the Mexican government. His family was influential around the late colonial Fremont and built a mill around the entrance of the Niles Canyon. In 1846, John C. Fremont visited the town. To make it easier for the pioneers to reach the southeast of the San Francisco Bay, he made a map of the road that passes through the Mission Pass.
The area around Fremont developed rapidly during the California Gold Rush. The town called Mission San Jose developed around the former Missionary Office and the post office was established in 1850. Agriculture, such as grapes, olives, and seeds, was the most important in the town's economy. In 1868, a Hayward earthquake with a magnitude of 6.8 occurred in the Hayward Fault, and the buildings around Fremont collapsed side by side, and Mission San Jose was also destroyed. Palmdale Winery in the Fremont region was the largest in California until it was destroyed in the San Francisco earthquake in 1906.
From 1912 to 1915, the Niles area of Fremont was the earliest base in the film industry in California (see Essanei Studio). Charles Chaplin shot many films at Fremont. The most famous of them was Chaplin's broken heart.
Under the supervision of Wallie Pounds, Fremont merged the five towns of Centville, Nile's, Arbinton, Mission San Jose and Worm Springs into a city in 1956. The first post office in Fremont was also opened in the same year.
From 1953 to 1962, the Fremont industry further advanced. In the 1980s and 1990s, a boom in the high-tech industry occurred, and in particular, it developed rapidly in the cities adjacent to the Worm Springs District and Silicon Valley in the city. The first Mac was produced in the Apple factory in the city (closed in 1993). Other companies such as Silas Logic, Assist Technologies, Mattson Technology, Ram Research, Premix Communications, Next Link California, and the telecommunications industry were established in the city. By 1999, about 750 high-tech companies were in Fremont, with their offices, headquarters and manufacturing plants. Of these, 18 companies were the top 50 companies in East Bay, and 15 in the top 100 companies in the San Francisco Bay Area.
General Motors' car assembly plant is located in the southern part of the city, where it was once the biggest employer. In the 1980s, GM's factories jointly joined Toyota's assembly plant and NUMMI was established. The factory was shut down in 2010. A part of the factory was acquired by Tesla in June 2010 and is known as the Tesla Factory.
Solar panel maker Solindra supported President Obama as a symbol of a clean energy company. Solindra received a $535 million (about 40 billion yen) loan from the Ministry of Energy and spent $733 million on building a factory that incorporated the cutting-edge robot technology. However, in 2011, the company applied for bankruptcy under Chapter 11 of the Federal Bankruptcy Act and fired 1,000 employees. Seagate Technology, a manufacturer of hard disk drives based in Cupacino, has purchased an old office in Solindra.
Centville, Niles, Arbinton, Mission San Jose, and Worm Springs were independent small towns until they merged into Fremont in 1956. At present, each town is so wide that it is no longer separate, and the city plan is designed to ensure that there is no difference in development in each area. Newark has refused to merge with Fremont, which is now surrounded by Fremont. After the merger, the city newly established six districts called "planning areas." These six areas are Central, North Fremont, South Fremont, Bayside, Bayland, and Hill Area.
Fremont belongs to a typical Mediterranean climate in the San Francisco Bay Area. Like nearby San Jose, the amount of rainfall is very small. This is because it is dried under the rain of Santa Cruz, on the west side of the city.
|Fremont, California Climate|
|Mean maximum temperature°F (°C)||58.1 |
|Mean Minimum Temperature°F (°C)||42.2 |
|Precipitation inch (mm)||3.07 |
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The following is demographic data from the 2010 census.
Households and family (number of households)
According to an estimate from 2007, the median income was $93,342 for households and $103,846 for families. It was $59,274 for men and 40,526 for women. The per capita income was 31,411. 5.4% of the population and 3.6% of the family are below the poverty line. 5.9% of the total population under 18 years of age and 6.2% of the population over 65 years of age live below the poverty line.
Since the Afghan conflict was caused by military intervention in the Soviet Union, a large number of refugees came from Afghanistan. Fremont is the most popular Afghan American place in the United States. According to the 2003 novel "The Kit Runner" written by Khaled Hosseini, I went from Afghanistan to the U.S. The concentration of Indian residents in Fremont also stands out, and most of them are employed in the technical department of Silicon Valley.
Among the Asian communities in Fremont, the largest ethnic group is Chinese, Indian and Philippine. Fremont and its neighboring Union City have a large number of Pacific Islands, Cubans, Puerto Rican, Spanish, and Portuguese. There are not a few Native Americans.
The city has a large community of deaf people. Most of them are students at the California School of the Deaf in Northern California.
Companies such as Antec, Corsea, Ikanus Communications, Ram Research, Fremont Bank, Oprink Communications, Silicon Graphics International, Synkes, S3 Graphics, Exar, Voltera Semiconductor, and DCKAP have their headquarters in the city.
According to the Comprehensive Annual Financial Report 2013 edition of the City, the top 10 employers in the city are as follows:
|rank||employer||number of employees|
|1||United School District||3,000|
|6||Boston Scientific / Target Therapeutics||1,200|
The mayor's term of office is four years. The mayor will chair a city council consisting of five members (including mayors). The city council approves the city's budget and determines key policies. The city council will appoint a city manager and a city attorney. The City Manager is employed as a city employee and manages daily operations. The advisory council, together with the city council, will help the council make a final decision on the issue. With the approval of a majority of Congress, the mayor will appoint members of the advisory panel. Except for the directors, the majority of the members of the consultative body have a term of four years and are free.
Fremont offers services such as public safety, designation of use areas, maintenance of infrastructure, parks, green spaces and social welfare directly. To provide these services, the city is organized into 22 departments.
According to the 2009 Financial Report, the city's revenue was $280 million, spending was $200 million, assets were $1.2 billion, investment was $340 million and debt was $260 million. As of 2015, the annual budget was $160 million and the city staff was 800.
The city council approves the balanced budget on July 1 every year. In recent years, budget problems have been highlighted by shrinking government service, decreasing city staff and working out wage agreements between labor unions.
The Alameda County Water Works Administration and the Union Sanitary District supply water and sewage systems.
Record Management Survey by Grand Jury
In 2015, the grand jury revealed that the city is failing to comply with the official documents required by state law. I had to keep my email for more than two years, and most of it was deleted 30 days later. All emails were automatically moved to "unsaved drafts" unless they were manually saved. The city left no records of the email that reached the city's fremont.gov address, and of the email that was forwarded to the Congressman's personal email account. The city had automatically deleted emails to conserve their storage capacity, but the grand jury said the costs for compliance with state law would not be that high.
In response to a survey by the grand jury, the city plans to conduct an inspection of the procedures to preserve the records. The city will set a new retention period for emails to 90 days. The Grand Jury recommended that all emails be stored under state official records law, but the city refused. City Attorney General noted that "for lunch at Tony's" spam is putting a strain on the city's data storage.
Elementary and junior high schools
There are five schools in the United Liberal Schools: American High School, Arbington High School, John F. Kennedy High School, Mission San Jose High School and Washington High School. In addition to these five schools, James Logan High School of Union City and Newark Memorial High School of Newark are participating in the Mission Valley Athletic League (MVAL).
There are five middle schools (Center Building, Hopkins, Horner, Thornton, Walters) and 29 elementary schools in the district. The Fleet School District runs the Mission Valley Regional Vocational Program with the Newark and New Haven schools.
Fremont Christian School and Avelowes High School do not belong to the school district.
The Oroni Community College District runs Oroni College, and there is a small campus in Newark. The city also has the Bay Area Campus of Phoenix University, the Northwestern University of Technology and the University of Deblay.
The Alameda County Library is headquartered in Fremont. The Fremont Central Library is the largest branch of the Arameda County Library and has the largest number of loans. The Alameda County Library's operating department is located in the building where the branch is located. The Alameda County Library also has branch offices in the Center Building, Arbinton and Niles.
The Grossman Academy of Japanese Language Supplementary Classes has an office in Fremont. The classes are held at the Palo Alto's Cavalier Community Center.
In Fremont City, there are Interstate Expressway Route 880 (Nimitz Freeway) and Interstate Expressway Route 680 (Sinclair Freeway). Although the two roads do not cross each other, they are connected in the Worm Springs area via Route 262 (Mission Boulevard), which is about a mile long and oversttraveled. Route 84 and Route 238, a part of Mission Boulevard, also run through the city. The Dumbarton Bridge over the Bay of San Francisco connects the park on the west side of the bay with Menlo Park.
The railway runs BART and Altamont Commuter Express (ACE). BART's Fremont station is the southernmost terminal station. An extension part of 8.7km to the Worm Springs area is under construction, and an extension to San Jose in the south is under plan. ACE's Fremont Station is a stop for the line connecting Stockton and San Jose.
Bus routes are operated by AC Transit. The Santa Clara Valley Transportation Bureau has connected various parts of the Silicon Valley, including downtown San Jose, California's Great America (time limited), and Santa Clara (California).
A noise meter is installed along Interstate Expressway Route 880 and Kaltrain. The city is trying to reduce noise by constructing sound insulation walls.
A Cartrain connecting the San Francisco Peninsula and Alameda County is planned by the Dumbarton Rail Corridor. Other stations such as Union City, Fremont-Centair, Newark, Menlo Park/East Palo Alto will be expanded for the new or Caltrain.
a well known person
- Megan Tandy - Actress
- Don Herzfeldt-Animator
- Len Weisman - Film Director
- Pat Tillman - American football player. He joined the United States Army and died in battle in Afghanistan.
- Helen Virus Moody, tennis player.
The city has a sister-city relationship with the following cities:
- Elizabeth, South Australia (suburb of Adelaide)
- Fukaya City, Saitama Prefecture
- Jaipur, Rajasthan
- Puerto Peñasco, Sonora
- Rio Batangas
- ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date (Word)". California Association of en:Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from original as of November 3, 2014. Read on March 27, 2013.
- ^ "Mayor & City Council". City of Fremont. Read on February 8, 2015.
- ^ "City of Fremont Official Website — City Manager". On March 18, 2013, browse.
- ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Cite web template requires
|accessdate= argument. (Description)
- ^ "Fremont". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Read on February 8, 2015.
- ^ a b "Demographics". City of Fremont. Read on October 7, 2014.
- ^ "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. On November 23, 2014, it was read.
- ^ San Francisco Chronicle, Fremont's Little Kabul eyes election with hope, August 21, 2009.
- ^ "Alameda County". California Historical Landmarks. State of California Office of Historic Preservation. Read on May 6, 2011.
- ^ http://www.fremont.gov/DocumentView.aspx?DID=837
- ^ Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 634. ISBN 1-884995-14-4。
- ^ a b c Dennis, Rob (December 30, 2011). "Fremont mayor Bob Wasserman dead at 77". en:The Argus (Fremont)January 21, 2012.
- ^ "FBI raids solar firm Solyndra". The Oregonian. The Associated Press. (September 8, 2011)
- ^ "Chapter 4: Community Character" (PDF). General Plan 2030 Working Draft. City of Fremont, California. (November 2010)November 24, 2010.
- ^ "Data Tools: 1981-2010 Normals". NOAA (January 2016 2016). January 28, 2016: It was read.
- ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Read on June 4, 2015.
- ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Read on June 4, 2015.
- ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Fremont city". U.S. Census Bureau. July 12, 2014: It was read.
- ^ "Fremont (city), California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from original as of August 21, 2012. On April 30, 2012, it was read.
- ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "Fremont city, California — Income in the Past 12 Months (In 2007 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars)". Factfinder.census.gov. Read on September 9, 2010.
- ^ "City of Fremont, California Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, for the Year ended June 30, 2013". On October 28, 2014, browse.
- ^ a b "2014-2015 Alameda County Grand Jury Report". p. 85-92 (June 30, 2015). Read on July 8, 2015. "The Grand Jury is deeply concerned with Fremont's loose interpretation of California government transparency and retention statutes and the city's apparent intentional efforts to exclude the public from accessing city emails ... The Grand Jury concludes that the city of Fremont's interpretation of California statutes cited in this report is contrary to the spirit of open and transparent government and must be changed."
- ^ Grand Jury: Fremont defied spirit of transparency with email retention policy Retrieved 2015-07-08
- ^ Retrieved 2015-07-08
- ^ Retrieved 2015-07-08
- ^ "Welcome." Grossman Academy. Retrieved on April 1, 2015.
- ^ "List of North American supplementary schools (as of April 15, 2013)." (Archive) MEXT. Retrieved on May 5, 2014. "Cubberley Community Center, A2 4000 Middlefield Road,Paro Alto, CA,94303,USA"
- ^ Acoustical study for the widening of Interstate 880 in the cities of Newark and Fremont, Alameda County, California, Earth Metrics Inc, for the en:Federal Highway Administration, October 1989
- ^ City of Fremont. "Sister Cities". About Fremont. Archived from original as of June 23, 2009. Read on October 5, 2008.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Fremont, CA
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Centerville
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Niles
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Niles Junction
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Irvington
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Mission San Jose
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Warm Springs
- The Argus
- Fremont Bulletin